Red Tide Update

The Fire Department received a call from BCOR Eisen Witcher to advise of the Red Tide bloom that is currently taking place on the Southeastern Coast of Florida and it's progression North into Brevard County.  He advised that it is currently in the Eau Galle area and should be in the Pineda area by tomorrow based on current tidal flows, wind direction and currents. The City will be providing daily updates through CBNN and the City's Facebook page. Please share this information with your neighbors. 

Information about Red Tide:
A red tide, or harmful algal bloom, is a higher-than-normal concentration of a microscopic alga (plant-like organism). In marine (saltwater) environments along Florida’s west coast and the elsewhere in the Gulf of Mexico, the species that causes red tides is Karenia brevis, often abbreviated as K. brevis. To distinguish K. brevis blooms from red tides caused by other species of algae, researchers in Florida call it “Florida red tide.” Though Red Tide has only been documented 8 times since the 1950’s, we should still be prepared for the potential threat. K. brevis produces brevetoxins, which are capable of killing fish, birds and other marine animals. It can also harm humans if it is ingested, touched or inhaled, with the effects including nausea, vomiting and, in severe cases, acute liver failure and neurological issues. People with asthma can have a harsher repertory reaction than others.
Lifeguard Procedures:
-Monitor and watch for red tide conditions. Place extra emphasis on possible respiratory ailments and other red tide symptoms.
-Red/purple flag unless deemed that a “No Swim Advisory” is advised based on toxicity levels. Then a double red flag will go into effect.
-Distribute masks. All lifeguard main hubs have N95 masks for lifeguards and a complement for extra if a patron presents an adverse reaction.
Brevard County Natural Resources/Water Testing
Mike McGarry

Brevard County Emergency Management
Kim Prosser
Brevard County Public Safety Media
Caitlyn Butler
Red Tide Monitoring:
Symptoms to Expect:

Symptoms from breathing red tide toxins usually include coughing, sneezing and teary eyes. For most people, symptoms are temporary when red tide toxins are in the air. 
Tips and Advice:
-People with underlying chronic respiratory problems like asthma or COPD should avoid red tide areas, especially when winds are blowing toxins on or near shore, according to the Florida Department of Health.
-Wearing a particle filter mask may lessen the effects.
-Beachside communities should keep your windows and doors closed, keep the air conditioning or heat on and make sure you check or change the unit’s filter regularly. 
- For people without asthma or any other chronic respiratory problems, over-the-counter antihistamines may temporarily relieve symptoms. 

-If you do feel discomfort, you should also limit your outdoor activities — like golfing, tennis or bicycling — or do them away from the beaches during red tides.

-Always seek medical care if your symptoms worsen.
-Just like people, pets may be affected by the Florida red tide. If you live close to the beach, consider bringing outdoor pets inside during a bloom to prevent respiratory irritation.

-Most people can swim in red tide, but it can cause skin irritation and burning eyes. If your skin is easily irritated, avoid red tide water. If you do swim, thoroughly wash off with fresh water when you get out. Do not swim near dead fish.

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